The Sikh community, settled in around the world, celebrate the birthday of his first guru in Sanskrit means disciple or learner in Punjabi language and means revealing, prophet. Guru Nanak was born in 1469, in Talwandi now Nankana Sahib, near Lahore since 1947, the year the division English, belongs to the Pakistani Punjab.
Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikhism religion born in the late fifteenth century in Indian Punjab. Nanak, married with two children, also expert of the Persian and Arabic, has dedicated his life to spreading the message received from God and therefore traveling for 25 years to reach Tibet, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Mecca, visiting most of the various centers of worship Hindus, Muslims, Jains and so on.
In 1496, Nanak, achieved enlightenment, began to preach revolutionary new principles regarding the organization social, cultural and religious center of that time. In a society rigidly divided into castes, classes and sexes, he establishes the brotherhood and unconditional equality of all men before God and before men. He challenges morally poverty by creating the Langar common canteens near the temple where anyone can get free food and still widespread in India, so even demolishing the age-old idea of food contamination due to the mere presence of an untouchable. The sharing with those in need of earnings in excess of the needs of the family is, since then, one of the foundations of the Sikh religion.
Nanak condemns idolatry pure and pseudo-religious beliefs away from the true spiritual elevation. Sikhism does not worship idols and does not have a pre-established and organized clergy and establishes the sacredness of life on earth far from any form of asceticism and isolation from social life that do not have any productive vocation human life is not a burden to bear waiting to eternal life but it is a joy and privilege to be honored as a means of spiritual formation.
So the moral life becomes the only means of spiritual growth that takes place in the social and family life, through prayer and the work is practiced for sustenance family to serve the community. Sikhism professes to earn by working honestly and to share with others the result is simultaneously condemned all forms of corruption and greed caste especially the priestly, secularly privileged.
Nanak has professed a message of love for all in the local language and not in Sanskrit, known by few, wrote hymns, praised the beauty of life and nature as divine gifts. At the end of his missionary journeys, during which he studied and approached the most diverse religions spreading its Sikhism, retires at Kartarpur, a small village in Punjab, leading the life of a farmer and from there continuing his mission.
Shortly before his death Nanak appointed his successor, ANGAD, his disciple. Since then, for another hundred years, every guru appointed by the previous would appoint his successor, until Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and last guru that I do not see the need for a new prophet, placing the task of immortal guru to the Sacred Book of the Sikhs, the Guru Grant Sahib or Adi Granth, in the years fueled by the messages of lighting guru and now consists of 1,430 pages and 5,930 verses of prayers, to remember the Creator at all times another fundamental principle of Sikhism.
Guru Nanak died 7 September 1539 in Kartarpur, in Indian Punjab. The life of Guru Nanak is told in the collection Janam sakhis.