Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Saraswati Puja Bengal

Saraswati Puja

Vasant Panchami is sometimes referred to as Saraswati Puja. Saraswati is worshiped since the Vedic times as a goddess of knowledge, arts, literature, music, painting and poetry and is often mentioned in the Rig Veda and Purana as a river god.

The hymns of the Rig Veda dedicated to Saraswati mention her as a mighty river. The most popular theory about it is that this ancient river was formed by the old route of the river Yamuna, which flowed for a distance parallel to the river Indus on the bed of the river Ghaggar-Hakra, going to flow into the Rann of Kutch, which at the time was part of the Arabian Sea.

Along the course of Sarasvati would then be created and developed the Harappan civilization and Saraswati-Sindhu. The oldest traces of writing notes in India have been found in the ruins of their cities that lined the ancient waterway. It has been suggested that the proper role of the river in the development of written language to have inspired the association of the goddess as the personification of knowledge and the arts of communication.

Between XX and XVII centuries BC, the river changed its course due to seismic activity along its route, and the Yamuna became a tributary of the Ganges, the Indus and some of its tributaries flowed, greatly reducing the water flow of the river; following the movement of the river, a large part of the population inhabiting its banks moved into the valley of the Ganges.

The later Vedic texts speak of the river that disappears at Vinasana literally, the disappearance, and flows into the Ganges as an invisible river. According to some interpretations of modern sacredness of the Ganges also derives from the presence in it of the waters of the ancient river Saraswati, the giver of life.

Saraswati is often depicted as a beautiful woman dressed in white, often seated on a lotus white or its vehicle vahaan, a swan is associated with the white color because of the purity of true knowledge, but also occasionally to yellow color of the flowers of mustard , which bloom in the period of its festivities. She is not generally adorned with jewels as Lakshmi, and indeed is often seen in austere outfits.

Thursday, January 26, 2017

Kolkata Weather

Kolkata Winter Temperature

Winter weather is the time of year including the three coldest months, largely overlapped with the astronomical winter. In this sense the onset of winter weather vary depending, mainly, to the latitude. During the winter, people with allergies, may develop hypersensitivity to pollens, dusts and powders, you spend much time at home, and also some chemical components of some cleaning products can cause allergic crisis.

Kolkata has a semi arid climate with high variation between summer and winter. Summers are long, from early April to October, characterized by the monsoon season. Winters are characterized by the presence of a thick fog. Extreme temperatures range from 6 ° C to 42 ° C. The average annual temperature is 25 ° C; monthly average temperatures range from 14 ° C to 33 ° C.

Sunday, January 22, 2017

Kolkata Book Fair

Kolkata Book Fair

The International Book Fair in Kolkata, internationally known by its name of the Calcutta Book Fair is the most prestigious book fair in Asia and takes place every year in January. Access to the exhibition is reserved for professionals, publishers, literary agents, major distributors. Each of the pavilions of the Fair, some of which are organized into two or three superimposed floors is dedicated to a geographic area or commodity specific.

It was founded in 1976 by the association of booksellers Kolkata Publishers' and Booksellers' Guild and is one of the largest book fairs in the world. The city also has a centuries old tradition of book fairs. Hosts 2 million visitors to over 9,000 exhibitors the first figure represents a world record. Each year focuses in particular the production and culture of a country.

The lounge is open to professionals and to the public and the exhibitors large and small publishers and representatives of the publishing industry. As part of the Fair were presented popular books, informative, educational, academic, photographic books, on art , civilization. The event is also relevant because the publishing houses in Calcutta alone produce about three-fifths of the books in the Bengali language printed in the world.

There are stands of private publishing houses and government agencies around the world, and retailers of books, videos, and other media, and in the course of about three weeks that comprise the exhibition there held lectures, readings and other public events, both in Bengali and in English, as well as in other languages.

The stated target of the fair is the average Indian, and the material is subject to the mainstream in the frame of the exhibition there are outdoor activities and performances, such as fireworks.

Over the years, the show has gradually expanded view of their initiatives is chosen for each edition a theme for conferences, meetings and publications are invited editors and writers of a host country every year there are hundreds of conferences, meetings with prominent protagonists of the world of culture, presentations of new publications, educational activities that allow children to approach reading with animations, workshops and theatrical performances.

Friday, January 20, 2017

Nolen Gur Jaggery

Nolen Gur Jaggery

Fragrant and sweet Nolen Gur, Khejur Gur, Patali Gur is a special jaggery produced by date trees palm trees in Bengal only in the winter months. Many sweet shops, restaurants and hotels host nolen gur festival of traditional Bengali sweets during this time. The Gur is a starch extracted from the pith of several species of palm tree belonging to the genus Metroxylon, Cycas and Phoenix. The Gur is a staple food for the peoples. It is traditionally cooked and eaten in various forms, such as in pithas, mixed with boiling water to form a paste, or as a pancake.

The jaggery resembles many other starches, and both the Gur that the tapioca are commercially produced in the form of pearls, similar to each other in appearance, that can be used interchangeably in different dishes. This similarity causes some confusion in the names of dishes made ​​with the pearls. Because of Gur starch produced by Metroxylon is the most used, this item will refer to Gur obtained from Metroxylon unless otherwise specified.

The palm trees are cut just before flowering when the stems are rich in starch. From a palm tree are extracted from 150 to 300 kg of Gur. Sago starch is cooked getting products similar to bread, flatbread or the biscuits or mixed with boiling water to form a dough. The Gur can be added to the pudding steamed, as the plum pudding and sago, may be in powder used as a thickener for other dishes, or it can be used as a consistent flour.

The starch is also used to treat the fibers making them more easy to work. The process is called sizing and helps to increase the cohesion between the fibers make the outer surface more smooth, lubricate it to make easier the sliding on metal. Most of the fabrics and clothing is treated with sizing, which, however, leaves residues that are removed by the first wash.

In Indonesia and Malaysia, Gur is a staple food of many traditional communities of New Guinea, Borneo, Maluku and Sumatra. In Brunei , it is used to prepare a typical dish called local ambuyat. Commercially, it is used for noodles and white bread. Globally, its main use is in pearls like the Tapioca and often present in beverages and smoothies.

The sago starch is not only used in the food industry, but is also an important material in various industries such as paper, plywood and textile industries. The Gur is in fact used to produce adhesives, paper, ethanol, syrups with a high content of glucose and fructose, maltodextrins, cyclodextrins and monosodium glutamate.

The Gur starch through fermentation can be further converted to produce biodegradable plastic and ethanol diesel. The residual biomass can, likewise, be used for the production of energy and heat. Since many people rely on traditional Gur as a food essential, and since reserves are not unlimited, in some areas of the commercial or industrial uncontrolled harvesting of Gur can conflict with the food needs of local communities.