Bhai Phota, is performed by the sister who religiously fasts until she applies a phota or mark on her brother's forehead, offers him sweets and gifts and prays for his long and healthy life. The tilak applied on brother's forehead is made of ghee, sandalwood chandan paste and kaajal. The sisters wish happiness to the brothers by giving them sweets, while brothers promise to protect their sisters.
Deepavali literally meaning Row of Lights involves the lighting of small clay lamps filled with oil. On the day of Deepavali people exchange gifts, bursting firecrackers, lighting fireworks, colourful sparklers & bonfires and having festive meals. This Hindu religious festival is celebrated every year in the months of October and November. In this period, people celebrate by buying new clothes, illuminating the houses and pulling firecrackers.
The Deepavali also known by the contraction Divali or Diwali is a religious celebration Hindu that extends over the course of five days, usually between October and November, according to the Vedic calendar. The festival is recognized in many countries with Indian presence, beyond India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Nepal, Mauritius, Malaysia, Singapore, and others. For Hindus it is one of the most important festival, celebrated mainly in the family. In Malaysia and Singapore is as important as perhaps the best known Thaipusam.
Kali Puja is a festival dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali, celebrated on the new moon night during October or November. Despite being grossly identified as a symbol of darkness and violence, she is a beneficent deity and terrifying at the same time, with a number of attributes from the deep symbolic meaning.
Dhanteras is the inaugural day that starts off the Diwali celebrations. The day is associated with purchase of gold and worship of Goddess Lakshmi. Exchanging of gold and silver gifts are popular traditions associated with the festival. Around 200 kg of gold jewellery is manufactured in Bengal every day. People buy gold the day before Diwali to bring good fortune and wealth for the coming year.
Bengali cuisine is mostly based on rice, vegetables, fish and meat, especially chicken. Each dish is usually enriched with spices, especially curry. The national dish is rice with dal seasoned with spices more varied; good also fried potato with meat and vegetables, the paturi, done in various ways, and different curries especially the labra and chorchori.
Indian Museum tells the story of India with rare objects with a very rich collection of artifacts, which you will find in rooms with different gemstone archaeology, paintings, stuffed animals, sculptures and remains a place to visit when you come to the Kolkata. Indian Museum is one of the oldest museums in the world. Its establishment dates back to 1814 and was the work of the Danish botanist Nathaniel Wallich.