Established in 1876, Kolkata Municipal Corporation is an administrative entity determined by specific territorial limits over which stands a portion of the population. It defines, for its characteristics of tuition center in which there is the public social life of its inhabitants, the local entity key.
In most legal systems of positive law the western municipality is the center of social life of the individual, since its territory almost always coincides with that of a city, plus the surroundings, with the any scattered houses, and any nuclei or centers of population closely interdependent, or deemed such, with the main settlement which may enjoy particular forms of participation. This feature, in the wake of demands for autonomy have arisen for the first time in medieval, has brought the grant to the city, and then the contribution of law, of particular forms of administrative autonomy, organizational policy and in some cases for example, municipalities legislate.
Kolkata Municipal Corporation have a mayor, a council and a board. The number of members of the council and the council are variable depending on the population of the municipality. By derogation from this principle, the common offices of the provinces are always considered to have a population of more than one hundred thousand inhabitants.
The KMC is primarily concerned with Administration and use of property of the City, Organization of markets eg opening times and closing shop, Management of water and aqueducts, Control of drinking water and bathing water, Sanitation, Collection and disposal of waste, Police mortuary and organization of cemeteries, Hygiene of soil, homes, schools, swimming pools and public toilets, Promote cultural, artistic and sporting, Ensure the right to education canteens, school transportation, education courses for adults, Establish kindergartens and other educational institutions, Organize training courses delegated by the Region and in collaboration with them.
The control strategy is aimed at supporting the activities of strategic planning and political administration of the governing bodies of the institution and to ensure the function of assessing the adequacy of the choices made in the implementation of plans, programs and other tools determination of the political in terms of congruence between the results obtained and the pre-defined objectives.