Hugli, often referred to in its transliteration English Hooghly, is a river of India of 250 km, branch west of the delta of the Ganges. It forms a Santipur near the town of Baharampur, flows in the state of West Bengal, passing between the twin cities of Howrah and Kolkata and empties into the Bay of Bengal near Diamond Harbor. Its two main tributaries are the Damodar and the Rupnarayan.
Its navigability is the reason why it was chosen by the British for settlement of their commercial branch in Calcutta and the French to that of Chandernagore. Many bridges span the height of Hooghly in Kolkata with The Howrah Bridge and the bridges Vidyasagar Setu and Vivekananda Setu.
The modern port container of Haldia, on the lower course of the river, now handles the majority of maritime trade. Ganga is a Hindu deity, who embodies the river Ganges and is therefore the goddess of heavenly water. According to one interpretation, the Mother of the rivers once lived in heaven , but down on the ground, at the dawn of humanity, when the forces of evil ruled, on which the prayers of the faithful, desperate for a frightening aridity since that time the goddess has gone through the India with its water.
According to an old belief the Ganges would be three, because in addition to the river, there would be one underground and one in the celestial space, who joined Benares. Other interpretations of the birth of Ganga is said that the latter would be the personification of sacred waters in Brahma or the nephew of the king of the mountains Himavan.
Devotees come once a year in the shrines sacred to the goddess to soak in the purifying waters and seeing pardoned ten sins committed in the last their lifetime and in the last ten lifetimes. Some try to find death in the river, because this event can free the individual from the cycle of reincarnation. The task of Ganga is to guarantee to the faithful the happiness, wealth, fertility and health. In the canons of Indian art Ganga is represented by the image of a voluptuous woman and nice looking, holding in his hand a jar. It is accompanied by a hybrid animal, the makara from the body of crocodile, and for the rest similar to a fish.