Sunday, February 3, 2013

Indian Museum Buddhist Sculptures


The panel depicts the parinirvana of the Buddha in the usual iconographic typology defined in misnomers aniconic, typical of Buddhist representations prior to the first century AD. In this archaic phase, where it is absent the anthropomorphic representation of the Buddha, the Buddha's earthly demise is symbolically represented by image of the stupa, adored by men and be glorified by heaven.

The sides of the stupa, inside the fence, there are two kneeling figures, one male, one female symbols of kingship touching his forehead and hands with the reliquary. At the top, at the height of the last chattra are three figures of Gandharvas, with a large turban tied above his forehead, bearing floral offerings. The figure on the right is full featured two large feathered wings and a long tail blazing. Also visible paw equine gandharvas, attached to the torso just under the tail.

Jātaka, or previous lives of the Buddha from Jati, past lives are a collection of 547 stories of many previous lives of the Buddha historic contained in section Khuddaka Nikaya of the Sutta Piṭaka of the Pali Canon of Buddhist Canon .

The version currently preserved in the canon goes back to compile anonymous Sinhalese of the fifth century entitled Jātakaṭṭhavaṇṇanā which explicitly refers to an oral tradition the oldest, dating back to the drama took place during the First Buddhist Council.

The confirmation of the antiquity of the stories contained in Jātaka is both direct and indirect precedents, in fact, the writing are currently preserved bas-reliefs of Sanchi of the first century, which represent the same jātaka; as well as similar wall paintings in the Ajanta caves of the second century. Indirectly, however, the greater antiquity of the text, with respect to the drafting of the fifth century, it is clear from the language and the actual content of the jātaka, from the setting and the social and political data intrinsic to the work itself, which make dating the IV / V century.

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