Chikoo Sofeda

November 23, 2011 Kalyan Panja 0 Comments


Sapodilla or Sofeda is a delicious tropical fruit. The texture is slightly sandy rather like an over-ripe pear and the taste is sweet with a slight hint of acid. It also has a distinctive rather fermented smell. The sapodilla is a plant of the family of Sapotaceae, native to Southern Mexico and Central America. In the Yucatan is one of the dominant tree species. It is cultivated for chicle traditional ingredient of chewing gum, extracted from its stem, for the precious wood and for its fruit, the sapodilla.

The sapodilla is generally consumed fresh. The fruit is famous for its aroma and is used for sorbets , cocktails, jams and ice creams, as well as in the preparation of cakes, syrups and sauces did ferment gives flavor to wine and vinegar. In Indonesia, the buds are also eaten young, raw or cooked with rice. The latex is also used in the production of toothpaste, to produce tires of value, in the transmission belts and for insulating electric cables. The wood is used for the production of furniture.

In Mexico it is sold as chupeta or chicozapote. Quest last name comes from the language Nahuatl means is zapote honey, indicating the sweeter taste of other fruits of the family Sapotaceae. By the Maya of the Yucatan is instead called zaya. Other names vernacular with which is known elsewhere are zapote chico, Chicu, Acana, korob, muy, muy zapot and, in a more generic way, as Níspero but more properly indicates in Spanish the European species medlar.

Linnaeus referred to this species Achras sapota , from the greek word achras, pear, due to the resemblance of the fruit to our pear. This name, as well as others eg Sapota achras, Lucuma zapota, nispero achras, achras Manilkara, Manilkara zapotilla etc. are all considered synonyms of sapodilla.

The Manilkara sapota is fruiting original in Central America especially Mexico, Guatemala and the West Indies where it is spontaneous in the forests. The Spanish colonists they brought in a variety Manila , hence the name Manilkara. From the Philippines, the fruit became popular throughout South-East Asia and India, where it is regarded as a native species.

Several cultivars are now common in tropical areas of America, Africa and Asia and can be found in all major markets around the world. The fruit of the sapodilla technically a large berry is brown, slightly oblong or round, with a diameter of 4-8 cm and a thin skin. The flesh is sweet and delicate, and recalls the caramel, pear and honey. The fruits have from two to five seeds that are blacks, hard and elongated.

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