The World No Tobacco Day is an anniversary, celebrated annually on May 31, the purpose of which is to encourage people to abstain for at least 24 hours after the consumption of tobacco, inviting them to quit smoking permanently. It also serves to make the situation on the prevalence of tobacco use in the world and to bring the public about the negative effects that it brings on human health, reaching in extreme cases, death due to cancer, damage to the heart and movement, etc. In 2011, the World Health Organization has estimated that about six million people lose their lives each year due to smoking.
The day was opened for the first time since World Health Organization on 7 April 1988, to coincide with the 40th anniversary of its founding. Since then it has been met with growing interest by governments, health care organizations and public opinion. An anti-smoking law regulates the practice of smoking bans and points, usually limiting the possibility of smoking in public places and workplaces.
The tobacco is the habit or addiction from tobacco smoke, which is the act of burning the dried leaves of the plant of tobacco and inhaling the smoke for pleasure derived, which follows chronic intoxication and dependence. Tobacco smoke, in addition to the usual components of incomplete smoke contains nicotine, an alkaloid stimulant that can deceive the smoker to get a temporary improvement of memory, mood and speed of reflexes.
The latter is responsible for a particular withdrawal syndrome characterized by increased levels of anxiety, stress, depression and worsening of mood and memory. Nicotine, like all stimulants, can also increase the anxiety, difficulty in sleep disorders and the metabolic system. Smoking is one of the major factors that contribute to health problems, especially cancer of the lung, the emphysema and cardiovascular disease.
Many countries regulate or restrict the sale of tobacco and the advertising thereof, when permitted, and the packing is required the inclusion of warnings about the risks to the consumer. In many states has banned smoking in most public places or in whole.
The only nation in the world to have completely banned the sale and the practice of smoking tobacco is Bhutan. The State of California was the first in the world to put in place an anti-smoking law in the workplace in 1994, and a total ban on smoking in enclosed spaces in 1998.