Rabindranath Tagore was born into a wealthy family and lived his childhood and youth in a privileged cultural environment. He was the last of the fourteen children of a family consecrated to the spiritual renewal of Bengal. He received education through tutors and in several schools. He wrote his first poem at the age of eight years and got published at seventeen.
In 1878 he was sent to Great Britain, where he studied literature and music in University College, London. He married a sixteen-year-old girl in 1883, when he was known for his poems and songs, and in 1890, he went on to manage the assets of his wife's family in present-day Bangladesh, continuing his literary work.
In 1901, he moved to Santiniketan, where he founded a school, in which he structured a pedagogical system that defended the intellectual freedom of the human being, which at the end of 1921 became an international university under the name of Visva Bharati, and was declared a state university in 1951. He traveled to England, Japan and the United States, continuing his work at his school, and raising funds for this purpose. In time he would travel to Peru and Argentina and later to Southeast Asia. The last years of his life was also dedicated to painting.
Politically, Tagore was an advocate of Indian independence and was against the partition of the Indian subcontinent. From 1912 he received numerous invitations to speak in Europe, USA and some Asian countries, which served to increase his prestige. In 1913, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature, in recognition of his entire career and his political and social involvement.
Tagore was the author of stories, short stories, essays, travel books, theater and especially poems, for which he is best known, and to which he often put music. He wrote in Bengali that he himself translated into English. He is the most prestigious Indian writer of the early twentieth century. He published in the literary newspaper Bharati, founded by two of his brothers in 1876.