Saturday, November 26, 2011

Flowery Kadamba

cadamba kadam

Neolamarckia cadamba, commonly called Kadam in bengali is an evergreen, tropical tree and generally blooms during the rainy season. The leaves are reported to have good medicinal values in traditional system of medicines. The fruits are small capsules fleshy, joined together to form a infructescence fleshy, yellow-orange, comprising approximately 8000 seeds. When ripe, the fruit splits, releasing the seeds, which are dispersed by wind or rain.

The Kadamba has an important role in the mythology of India. According to the Grama Paddhati, the god Shiva and goddess Parvati had a son, who was given birth under a Kadamba, and Kadamba was his name. In southern India is considered the tree of Parvati. The Kadamba is a large tree with a broad canopy and a straight cylindrical trunk. It can reach 45 m in height. The leaves are opposite, oval or elliptical, rather large typically 15 to 30 cm in length.

The flowers, orange, red or yellow, bisexual, are grouped in inflorescences terminal, globose. The genus Neolamarckia, established in 1985 by Bosser with only two species previously included in the genus Nauclea includes trees of Asia tropical and subtropical.

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