Jamai Sasthi

Kolkata Port

In the 19th century Kolkata Port was the premier port which took over the responsibility in the wake of the aftermath of Second World War. It is situated on the left bank of the Hooghly River about 203 km (126 miles) upstream from the sea. The city of Kolkata, has a synergistic linkage with the port. Regular passenger ship services are also available to Port Blair for visiting the Andaman & Nicobar Islands which takes around 66 hours.

A port is a natural or artificial located on the coast or on the sea shore of a lake or a river, designed to allow the Port mooring for boats, yachts and ships, and protecting them from adverse conditions waters. He also has the function to enable and facilitate the loading and unloading of goods, and the embarkation and disembarkation of persons.

The port has always been a source of exchange trading crossroads and communications, and has historically favored the development of civilization in antiquity, as today, the ports have in fact played a key role in commercial exchanges between populations. Traces of considerable maritime trade are in fact in the coastal settlements prehistoric islands of the Mediterranean such as Pantelleria, Malta, the Aeolian Islands.

The oldest man-made port is to Wadi al-Jarf on the coast of the Gulf of Suez in the Red Sea , about 120 km south of Suez , discovered by the French archaeologist Pierre Tallet in 2011-2012, which dates back to the Pharaoh Khufu of the fourth dynasty of Egypt around 2600 BC.

Port facilities are found at Mycenae and Crete, already in the settlements Mycenaean, Etruscan, Phoenician, and later in the Greek colonies an example is Zancle Messina whose name derives from the natural harbor in the form of sickle a term then passed to the greek.

Among the most important works of the famous port in ancient port of Athens, built by Themistocles to increase the power and the hegemony of the Athenian city-state on the Aegean Sea, and the harbor of Syracuse.

The use of ports has had a remarkable development at the time of the Crusades and, in medieval, with the birth of the Maritime Republics. The rise and development more you have, however, in the fifteenth century with the beginning of colonization and, later, with the industrial revolution of the last centuries.