Alpana: Bengali Rangoli Designs

alpona kojagori lokkhi puja

In India, there is a special art form called the rangoli in Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra, Alpana in Bengal and Aripana in Bihar. Every morning, at the threshold of their house, the women draw with white or colored powder a different complex design everyday. Often dedicated to Lakshmi, they bring luck and happiness in the home. Rangoli means colorful rows. The art of rangoli is transmitted from mother to daughter.


Like mandalas, which are representations of the cosmos, organized around a point, the bindu or dot is supposed to deflect the evil eye. Their structure is based around complex geometric patterns. Sometimes people draw traditional designs such as the conch, the swastika or the lotus. Animals (Swan or parrot), flowers, mango or vines are also represented. They are drawn with rice flour and colored powders on moist soil.

These drawings are ephemeral as they are crushed throughout the day with people entering the house. They symbolize the fragility of life and illusion. The kolam is the Tamil version of rangoli. In villages across India, women make these drawings every morning on thresholds or courtyard houses or on the floors of temples. They first draw dotted outline geometric patterns with a white powder, usually limestone or rice, before filling a series of lines. In addition to adding a touch of art and beauty at home or temple, the Rangoli protect the family or holy place.

The designs are passed from mother to daughter. Some are very old and date back hundreds of years. Floral or animal forms are sometimes added to the paintings, but the heart of rangoli its complex geometry. There are also different styles of designs that vary from region to region of the country.

Rangoli is a Sanskrit word that means creative expression of art through the use of color. It has religious and cultural significance. It is the art of drawing patterns and motifs in and around the house with different colors powder originating in Hinduism. Designed with a combination of different colors rangoli can produce an enchanting piece of art.

Signs of Rangoli is a way to express the pleasure and happiness to spread. However, there is also a deeper meaning behind these designs. If rangoli is drawn to the entrance of a house, it must create the power to take pleasure in the mind of the person who sees it. Therefore, a person who enters your home are negative feelings about leaving and coming with great pleasure and positivity and bring you more happiness.

The art of rangoli in different parts of India known by other names, such as Alpana West Bengal, South India kolam, mandana in Rajasthan, chowkpurana in northern India and aripana in Bihar. Although rangoli comes in Maharashtra, it is now used throughout India. This ancient custom in India is traditionally done by women and is therefore one of the most popular art forms in Indian women.

Rangoli designs are passed from generation to generation, some models are more than 100 years. Although designs vary in different parts of India, the basic approach is the same. The designs can be simple geometric figures, divine prints or flower shapes, but also very complex models signed by several people. The designs are often inspired by nature, but can also form his abstract art. It is rich cultural tradition of India to draw rangoli at festivals and other auspicious events because it is considered a sacred ritual.

There is a unique relationship between the festival and Diwali rangoli. Diwali is a major festival in India during Diwali rangoli drawing is part of the celebrations. The main purpose of rangoli ?? s do during Diwali which is the harbinger of Goddess Lakshmi - the goddess of wealth and riches in individual homes, in addition to ward off the evil eye. Be made small footprints leading to the house, which represents the goddess footprints.

The models are made with the finger with rice powder, ground limestone or colored chalk. They can be decorated with cereals, pulses, beads or flowers. Rangoli can be any size, the size of a doormat for coating an entire room. Rangoli do really depends on the preferences and artist's skills. The lines are always drawn with a finger. Rangoli mapping is often done by using points, which are connected to each other to form a pattern. The model is then filled with different colors.

An important point is that the entire cartridge must be a broken line, no holes somewhere behind. evil spirits are thought can enter these holes when they find one. Experts create signs that are so detailed that it looks as if it is a painting. In India this art temporarily. Each rangoli design remains on average only one or two days is because it is often done as part of a daily routine. Specific designs are taken at special events such as weddings and religious festivals.

Rangoli is also an important part of a spiritual process. In addition, it is a philosophy that embraces enthusiastically the transience of life. It symbolizes a commitment for at the time to live now. The ultimate goal of rangoli is that the next day you can start with a clean slate. It is a symbol of eternal innovative creation, life itself. Rangoli signed with icons such as the swastika, or lotus footprints of Lakshmi ?? represent prosperity. Many households draw rangoli daily and it became a part of modern Indian society. You can now also buy plastic molds for making rangoli.

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