Friday, February 15, 2013

Kolkata Hand Pulled Rickshaws

A direct descendant of the hand pulled rickshaw, a trishaw is a bicycle pulling a carriage attached to his side. Once very common, is a part of the heritage. The rickshaw is a human powered means of transport in which a person pulls a cart with two wheels, staying for one or two people. The word rickshaw originates in Asia, where they have been widely used as a means of transport for the elite. Currently, however, rickshaws were banned in many countries in Asia due to numerous accidents.

The rickshaws have been replaced mainly common in Asia, the cycle rickshaw. They are also common in Western cities like New York. In London they are known as tricycles. The term rickshaw is also used for these vehicles, but this article focuses exclusively on rickshaw pulled by foot. The word rickshaw originates from the word jinrikisha Japanese, which literally means human powered vehicle.

The 1707 painting Les deux Carrosses Claude Gillot shows a type of carriage rickshaw in a comic scene. These cars, known as vinaigrette because of its resemblance to the Barrows producers of vinegar, were used on the streets of Paris in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The rickshaws appeared in Japan around 1868, at the beginning of the Meiji Restoration. He soon became a popular means of transport, because they are faster than the previously used palanquins.

The identity of the inventor remains uncertain. Some sources cite the American blacksmith Albert Tolman, who is credited with the invention of the rickshaw around 1848 in Worcester for a missionary. Others claim that Jonathan Scobie, an American missionary to Japan, invented the rickshaw around 1869 to transport the invalid wife through the streets of Yokohama.

Still others say the rickshaw was designed by an American evangelical pastor in 1888 This assumption is certainly incorrect, since 1877 an article by a correspondent for the New York Times said that the Jin-Riki-Sha, or human-powered carriage has been used popularly, and was probably invented by an American in 1869 or 1870.

Japanese sources often credited Izumi Yosuke, Suzuki Tokujiro and Takayama Kosuke, who would, according to them, invented rickshaws in 1868, inspired by the horse carriages that had been introduced to the streets of Tokyo shortly before. Starting from 1870, the authorities in Tokyo sent to these three men permission to produce and sell rickshaws. The signature of one of these inventors was also required on every license to operate a rickshaw.

In 1872, about 40,000 rickshaws were used in Tokyo. Soon became the main means of public transport in Japan. Around 1880, rickshaws appeared in India, first in Simla and, 20 years later, in Calcutta. There were initially used by Chinese traders to transport goods. In 1914, the Chinese have asked for permission to use rickshaws to transport passengers. Soon after, rickshaws appeared in many big cities of south-east Asia. Pulling a rickshaw was often the first job for peasants migrating to these cities.

Several Zulu rickshaw, with their huge hats and colorful clothes, are a major attraction for tourists in the city of Durban. In 1997 a new system was created in Berlin rickshaw. It is a vehicle with a modern look and allows the driver to use rickshaws as a means of propaganda. In ten years, the activities with City Cruisers advanced in the world.

Rickshaws in Bangladesh are the pedals, and are available for rent throughout the country, the capital of Bangladesh is sometimes called the City of Rickshaw. However, the increase in traffic and the subsequent injuries led to the banning of rickshaws in most of the main roads of the city. In addition, in different regions of the Old Dhaka rickshaws are the only type of vehicle that can travel through the narrow streets. The rickshaw pullers are called rickshawallah in Bengali.

Cycle rickshaws are used in the city of Rio de Janeiro and Volta Redonda, both in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Are better known locally as Ecotaxi. Rickshaw manuals began to be used in China during the late 1800s, but most have disappeared after 1949. In the early 1990s, the cycle-rickshaws have become a popular and economical means of transportation. In many large cities have been used Cycle rickshaw for about a decade.

Rickshaws are present on the boardwalk in Atlantic City, New Jersey, too. They bring punters a casino to another. Rickshaw in Hong Kong were originally imported from Japan in 1874 were a popular means of transport for many years, reaching more than 3,000 in 1920, however, his popularity declined after the Second World War. Since 1975 no new licenses are issued for the rickshaw, and only a few elderly people, about four in 2002-still ply their trade, especially for tourists.

Since 2005, the last sizeable fleet of true rickshaws is located in Calcutta, where the rickshaw pullers union resisted prohibition.

Many main roads have been closed to rickshaw traffic since 1972, and in 1982 the city seized over 12,000 rickshaws and destroyed them. In 1992, it was estimated that over 30,000 rickshaws were operating in the city, of which only 6,000 were not operating illegally without a license. The large majority of rickshaw pullers rent their rickshaws for a few dollars per shift. They live in hostels, trying to save money to send home. Each dera, a mixture of garage, workshop and dormitory, has a Sardar who run it. Handles often pay around 100 rupees per month to live in a wish. Hindu and Muslim pullers often share housing. Some pullers sleep in the streets in their rickshaws.

In August 2005, the communist government of West Bengal announced plans to completely ban rickshaws, resulting in protests and demonstrations of the handles. In 2006, the Chief Minister of West Bengal, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, announced that rickshaws would be banned and that rickshaw would be rehabilitated.

In 2008, many of the Kolkata rickshaw originated from Bihar, considered one of the poorest states of India. Calvin Trillin of National Geographic stated in a 2008 article that the city government has not decided how rickshaw would be rehabilitated, or set a deadline for the government to take this decision. Trillin has said many authorities of West Bengal has issued statements saying that rickshaws would be banned from 1976 until 2008.

Rickshaws, known as pousse-pousse is a very common means of transportation in many cities of Madagascar. They are usually decorated with bright colors.

Rickshaws were a common means of transport in urban areas of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. However, rickshaws were gradually replaced by cycle-rickshaw. Cycle rickshaws are also widespread in the cities of Malaysia since 1970 Since then, rapid urbanization has increased demand for public transport more efficient, resulting in a decrease in the number of rickshaws. Today, rickshaws are operated mostly for tourist attraction, with a pair of functioning in Malacca, Penang, Kelantan and Terengganu.

Human-powered rickshaws have become officially illegal in Pakistan since the late 50 / Início 60s. The country is home to a large number of motorized rickshaws. Pedicab rickshaws are driven through the streets of Soho.

The people of Dublin, both locals and tourists, they were surprised the first time I've seen this idea far east of Ireland. People began to use the rickshaws to roam the bars or clubs for a quick passage through the Temple Bar Later that same year, 12 cycle-rickshaws were imported by an owner of a wine club that has been called B . McDonald who started Pedicabs Ireland. A year later J. Ralf and J. Utah, former Pedicab riders from Ireland, has set up a small factory of hand-pulled rickshaws called the Silver Rickshaw. The last hand-pulled rickshaw Company was created by B. Wheeler, former Pedicab Ireland Manager. It was the summer of 2001, called simply The Rickshaw Co. The company quickly grew with six pedicabs added to its fleet of 12 hand-pulled rickshaws have just created. The terrorist attacks in the United States September 9, 2001 destroyed the new industry and most of the companies mentioned above is no longer active, except for the Rickshaw silver.

Rickshaws are used as means of transport in the central areas of large cities Vietnamese, mostly for tourism. Rickshaws are popular tourist attractions of Asakusa in Tokyo, in the main temples of Kyoto; strong areas of tourism Kamakura, on the island of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Isle Cijin in Kaohsiung; London's Chinatown, Byward Market in Ottawa, in downtown Toronto, in Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City. In all these places, which are mainly for tourists.

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