Popularly called the Mango City, Malda, is the fifth largest city of Bengal. The mango, is a tree belonging to the family of Anacardiaceae, native of India and cultivated in all areas tropical. The word mango is derived from the word Portuguese manga. The first attestation of the word in a European language is found in 1510 in a text by Ludovico de Varthema in Italian as Manga.
The origin is Indian and since ancient times has had a significant importance: it appears in many Indian legends and still is considered sacred to Hindus, and used as an ornament for their temples. It was introduced in the fourth century BC in East Asia and, starting from the tenth century AD, issued in East Africa. The traveler Moroccan fourteenth century, Ibn Battuta returns it as a present to Mogadishu. In the seventeenth century the Portuguese exported it in South America. Today it is cultivated in almost all countries in tropical and subtropical countries, in areas not subject to freezing, such as in Spain Andalusia, mainly in the province of Malaga.
The global spread of cultivation in the intertropical causes the fruit to be present throughout the year in the markets. The fruit is ovoid, has yellow flesh / orange, compact, very fragrant and tasty. Its skin can take on different colors: green, yellow, red, or a mixture of these colors. The weight of a mango can be up to 1 kilogram, but usually you can find them in trade from 300-500 grams. In general, those traded are about 10-14 cm long.
He distinguished two types the Philippine-Indonesian, also known as Camboya, with more elongated and yellow-green color, sweeter and less fibrous and India, also called Mulgoba, with larger and compact form, varying in color from green to red to purple: it is the most present in the European markets, as more preservable.
The fruits of wild plants, not belonging to any cultivar, are of inferior quality and may present several drawbacks: the strong smell of turpentine, high fibrous content, the lack of sweetness. In cases where you leave a mango fruit ripen too much, you will notice a discoloration of the chrome inner will become off-white, or white coffee, and can not claim any significant flavor.
Kernel occupies a good part of the fruit, has a ovaloid shape and has a length of 7-8 cm. It may be coated with fibers which do not allow to separate easily from the fruit. Ripe fruits with peel and have a resinous odor and characteristic.