Monday, January 21, 2013

Ambassador Hindustan Motors


The Hindustan Motors is a car manufacturer of India, based in Kolkata in the state of Bengal. It is part of the Industrial Group Birla Technical Services. The company was the largest producer of automobiles in India before growth, and the consequent passing by the Maruti Udyog. The Hindustan still produces model Ambassador, derived from the Morris Oxford English from 1954, widely used as a taxi or as self representation.

Hindustan Motors Limited HML, a pioneer in the Indian automobile manufacturing and the leader of the CK Birla Group, was born just before the Indian independence in 1942, on the initiative of Mr. BM Birla, the namesake family of entrepreneurs. Production starts in a small assembly plant in Port Okha near Gujarat, but the production facilities later moved to Uttarpara, West Bengal in 1948, where, a few years later, began production of the Ambassador.

The Hindustan and General Motors have signed many agreements in the post-independence period to build commercial vehicles and lorries Bedford and Vauxhall. In 1994, GM and Hindustan CK Birla formed an equal partnership named General Motors India, for the production of cars Opel Astra. The Hindustan motors began to build earth-moving machinery in collaboration with the American Terex and the English Fermac.

Then, later, he partnered with Caterpillar, which continued production plants HMEED of Thiruvallur, near Chennai, and Pondicherry, until 1984 the entire area was abandoned by Hindustan motors in 2000 and sold to Caterpillar. However, the Hindustan continues to work with Caterpillar in Hindustan Power Plus which manufactures diesel engines and electric generators.

In the 80s the Hindustan began to collaborate with Isuzu to build engines and transmissions for his model Contessa , at the plant in Pithampur near Indore in the state of Madhya Pradesh. The technical collaboration lasted from 1983 to 1993 Subsequently, the Pithampur plant has extended the production of engines and transmissions also to Opel and Mahindra.

In the first half of the 80s, the Hindustan produced for a short time even the Isuzu trucks in the series which was characterized by the cockpit entirely metal - a rare thing at the time, to those built by competitors Tata and Ashok Leyland . These specimens were known for their reliability, but also for their high selling price, which soon made ​​him desist from the house continue manufacturing.

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