Kolkata is ready to party wild on New Year Eve. New Year is the first day of the year. In the modern world falls on 1 January of the Gregorian calendar in use for civilian purposes in the world, and in the overwhelming majority of States is a day of celebration. For the people who follow the Julian calendar, for example, some Orthodox churches, religious purposes is strictly the beginning of the year is celebrated on the day corresponding to January 14.
The New Year festival dates back to the Roman god Janus. In the seventh century pagans of Flanders, followers of the Druids , had the custom of celebrating the turn of the year; This pagan worship was deplored by Saint Eligius died 659 or 660, which rebuked the people of Flanders, telling them: A New Year no face impious absurdities which go masked from heifers or deer, or make jokes and games, and is not at the table all night or follow the custom of gift cards or excessive libations. No Christian believes in those women who spells with fire, nor sit in a corner, because it is work of the devil.
In the Middle Ages, many European countries used the Julian calendar , but there was a wide variety of dates indicating the initial moment of the year. For example, from the twelfth century until 1752 in England and Ireland in the New Year was celebrated on March 25 (the day of the Incarnation and used for a long time in Pisa and then to Florence ), while in Spain until the early seventeenth century, the exchange of 'year was December 25th , the day of the Nativity . In France until the 1564 New Year was celebrated on Easter Sunday also called style of Easter until its fall, which occurred in 1797 was the March 1, while in Puglia, in Calabria and in Sardinia it was celebrated following the Byzantine style that pointed to 1 September , so much so that in Sardinian September Capitani translates from the Latin Caput years.
These local diversity which, especially in the Holy Roman Empire ranged widely from city to city, continued even after the adoption of the Gregorian calendar. Only in 1691 Pope Innocent XII amended the schedule of its predecessor by establishing that the year should begin on January 1, that is, according to the modern style or the Circumcision . The universal adoption of the Gregorian calendar meant that the date of 1 January as the start of the year finally became common.
Several political regimes have instituted reforms to the calendar of shorter or longer duration. One of the most intrusive, which sought to reform the calendar based on astronomical and rational was that adopted in France during the First Republic , the so-called Republican Calendar , then abandoned during the First Empire . Even during the Fascist period in the regime instituted October 28, the anniversary of the March on Rome, as their New Year's Eve, is associated with a number of years parallel to the traditional counting as The Year of the Fascist Era, the period between October 28, 1922, and October 27, 1923, and others to follow. This mode was used in the Kingdom during the Fascist period, was continued by the Social Republic, and abandoned with the fall of the latter on 25 April 1945.