Netaji Subhash chandra Bose born in a refined Bengali family passed his BA in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Calcutta and played a major role in enlightening the students and youths. Known as Netaji Leader, Bose was President of the Indian Congress Party and a supporter of the independence of India from the British Raj. He shared the ideas of independence of Mahatma Gandhi but not his methods of nonviolent struggle.
To achieve its ideal, an India free from the domination of the British Empire, sought and obtained alliances with the enemies of England Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. No result was his attempt to establish relations with Stalin and Communist Russia. This led him to fit into the context of the Second World War by supporting the policy of the Axis powers.
After the agreement with Himmler, Minister of the Interior in the Nazi Germany, aboard a German submarine went to Japan where he intended to push the soldiers to desertion Hindu forcibly conscripted by the British Army. One of his main mottos was Fighting for the freedom of India is better than fighting for the British who have enslaved.
Following the conquest of Burma and part of Bengal, formed a Government of Free India called Azad Hind, headquartered first in Singapore and then to Port Blair in the islands Andaman and Nicobar islands occupied by the Japanese. He maintained an alliance with the axis, in Germany promoting the creation of battalions of volunteers Indian deserters from the British Army who were classified in the SS Legion Free India, operating in Europe and Africa , and of the Indian National Army in Southeast Asia. Bose died in mysterious circumstances falling with the plane on the island of Taiwan.
In his honor has been named the Calcutta Airport.