Built in 1926, the Nakhoda mosque meaning Mariner is a place of prayer with a prayer hall capacity of 10,000 for the faithfuls of Islam built by Kutchi Memon Jamat. The word originated from the Arabic word masjid that indicates the location in which you reach the Sujud, the prostrations that are part of compulsory movements that must take the faithful praying.
One type of masjid particular is jāmi' masjid , a mosque wider, which often translates as congregation or cathedral. In it is hoped to Islam that they come together collectively the faithful in order to comply with the requirement of obligatory prayer (salat) midday (zuhr) Friday, or possibly to study there matters of a religious nature, in appropriate places in this Delegates (Iwan).
As a place of prayer, the mosque has not only useful but indispensable to his purpose. It is indeed possible to pray in the open, or in any house, as long as the land reserved for the Salat is bordered by an object (carpet, mat, blanket, towel, stones) and is as much as possible free from filth. This is because - as indeed for all other actions required by Islamic law (Shari'a) is requesting the status of legal purity (Tahara), obtainable with lavacri part or all of the body, while the place of prayer should be free of visible dirt that may contaminate those who must come in contact with the ground, just as happens in the salat .
The mosque has a mihrab (sort of apse or niche, in mosques humbler, it may simply be drawn on a wall or indicated by an object in the open-air prayer) that indicates the direction of Mecca (Qibla) and the Kaaba, considered the first Muslim shrine dedicated to the worship of the one true God (Allāh).
While not essential, a mosque can often have a pulpit (minbar) from which a particular Imam called Khatib, pronounces the khutba, an address that is not necessarily offer the exegesis of passages from the Koran.
For prayer to be valid it must be done within certain times (Awqat) of the day, marked on the performance of the apparent sun. For this a special charge (muezzin, from Arab Mu'adhdhin) reminds from a construction tower (minaret, from Arab Manar, lighthouse), through a ritual chanted his call (Adhan), which from that point on then it is obligatory to pray (at home, outdoors, in the mosque). For those who are far from the minaret and can not for any reason to hear the voice of the muezzin - today helped mostly by speakers it doth sometimes large white cloths, clearly visible even from a distance.
To the need for purification, both inside and in the immediate vicinity of the mosque it is often a fountain. Important is finally, the area of prayer ( musalla ), basically rectangular to allow those praying to be ordered in rows and ranks, inside which a clock that may be present on many occasions is old bill, useful to indicate the time remaining because both valid prayer.
Characteristic of every mosque that is born as such is the lack of human figures or animals, as opposed Islam. The decorations are therefore at best type fitoform (ie related to the plant world) but, almost always, there are mosaics or written reporting verses of the Koran tracked with calligraphies considered particularly artistic that gave way to the West to talk of arabesques.
By all appearances this can not apply in the case of transformation of a previous sacred place to another faith. In this case, the paintings can survive, provided only that frescoes or paintings do not clash with some of the fundamental principles of Islamic belief not figurability of God, the absence of idols, anthropomorphic or not, the lack of any mention of the Trinity.