National Library of India


National Library, the largest library in the Indian Union. The hefty neo Renaissance National Library of India established in 1836 at Belvedere, near Alipore, once the home of the Lieutenant Governors of Bengal is the largest repository of print resources in India by volume Built in Italian renaissance style. The building that houses the library was the official residence of the Governor of Bengal in the colonial era.

The National Library of India, formerly the Calcutta Public Library is a public library in the state that is located at the royal palace. It has a wealth of 2.2 million printed volumes, which in quantitative terms makes it the largest between the Indian libraries.

Depends on the General Direction for Library Heritage and Department of Culture, Ministry of Tourism & Culture, Government of India. The Library was established in the late eighteenth century, opened to the public in 1836 as the Calcutta Public Library, becoming in 1891 the Imperial Library. In 1903 with the unification took the name of National Library.

In 1953 the venue, after long debate, was moved to the current one in the Belvedere Estate. Rich in precious volumes oriental. The service, open to the public for all those who have reached the age of eighteen, is free and allows consultation and, for some of the material, the loan and photocopying.

The original core of the library come from the collections of Lord Metcalfe, consisting of about 4675 volumes donated in full, according to the bequest of 1836, for the benefit of the universal city of Calcutta. In later years it was enriched by several bequests and donations, to which were added over time libraries of orders.

A national library is a library specifically created by the government of a nation to serve as the preeminent repository of information of this nation. Unlike public libraries, these rarely allow citizens to borrow books. Often collect numerous works rare, valuable or particularly significant. Some of the first libraries were national libraries: for example, the Library of Alexandria was the national library of the Ptolemaic Egypt.

National libraries are usually notable for their size, if compared to those of other libraries in the same country. Some states, although not independent, but they want to preserve their particular culture, have formed a national library, with all the features of this institution, as the legal deposit.

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