Rabindranath Tagore, the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913, highlighting enduring relevance of his creations and philosophy. India issued 150 rupee and 5 rupee commemorative coins to mark the occasion.
A poet of the earth who left an indelible impression on the world literature, Tagore's birth anniversary falls on the 25th day of Boishakh (9th May). Tagore is fondly referred to by admirers, and wanders in their heart of fans of literature and culture. He is the beacon and the eternal source of inspiration of creativity.
The national anthems of both India and Bangladesh are songs by Tagore, making him the only person ever to have written the national anthems of two countries. Poet, prose writer, dramatist and philosopher of Indian Bengali language , was born in Calcutta in 1861 and died in Shanti Niketan in Bolpur, in 1941 While Gandhi, civil disobedience, he organized the Indian nationalism up to push back the sea in English, Tagore pledged to create a new India, modern and independent; he sought to reconcile the Western and Eastern culture was a connoisseur of the language English , and he translated his works into English.
Son of a wealthy Brahmin , he studied in the United Kingdom where he anglicized his surname Thakur returned home, he devoted himself to the administration of his lands and all forms of art.
In lyrical intended to singing, which he set to music and translated into English Offer Singing, 1913, rich in theatrical works of lyrical interludes Revenge of Nature, 1884, in novels The Wreck, 1906, in novels , memoirs, essays and lectures Tagore said his love of nature and God, their aspirations of human brotherhood, their passion even erotic, the attractiveness of childhood.
Tagore sang the divine immanent in nature, referring to the tradition of philosophical-religious' India he is the poet of pantheism Upanisadic. From his song Amar Shonar Bangla was made into the national anthem of Bangladesh.
He exercised an enormous fascination on the Western world, who rewarded him with the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. He was the first non-Western literary Nobel Prize in history. Created a school of art and life, the Visva Bharati University, which she continued until the end of his life. Tagore was translated in almost all European languages, making it probably the most well-known author of Bengali origin in the West. His works have been well, almost all, translated. In addition, he built roads, hospitals and even a school, which is still a university.